THE MESSIANIC KINGDOM
PART 4: THE KINGDOM
By Norman Manzon
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: The Inhabitants of the Kingdom
Part 3: The Two Foundational Realities
of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord
and of His Messiah;
and He will reign forever and ever."
~ Revelation 11:15 ~
Messianic Kingdom is part of an extended series of studies in
support of the We Believe statement of The Association of Messianic
Congregations. Much groundwork for this present study has been laid in
the three prior studies of the series, links to which are located below
the title above. It might be good for the reader to review them so that
the present study might be more fully understood
in its historical
and other contexts. For an even firmer foundation, the
following studies might likewise be reviewed:
The Destinies of the Dead,
The Great Tribulation and
The Second Coming of the Lord. Much of what has been
examined in these studies will be touched on here, but not treated as fully
It is worth stating again that it is extremely
important to realize that the prophesied Kingdom is a literal,
earthly Kingdom in which Yeshua will reign bodily as king over
Israel and the world. A polemic in support of this is presented in section IV of
The Messianic Kingdom - Part 1: Introduction.
Also as previously mentioned,
a compilation of the Bible's passages concerning the Kingdom would
constitute a book. It must therefore be recognized that what is
herein presented is, of necessity, a much abbreviated outline and
Before we begin, credit must be
given where credit is due. The works of a platoon of scholars have
supported my research for this and other end time studies, but I
must cite the works of Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum in particular,
especially The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence
of Prophetic Events. Footsteps is an 800-page easy read
considered by many to be the clearest and most convincing exposition
of end time prophesies available. It has served as an invaluable
resource in my personal studies over the years and in my composition
of this and other end time studies, and I cannot close this paragraph without thanking
Dr. Fruchtenbaum for the tens of thousands of hours that he has
dedicated to study and production of the body of works that he has
which, on a broader scope, has enabled me to get a stronger grasp of
the broader body of biblical truth. Having said all of that, I
hasten to add that I have not played the part of the talking
parrot, but have regularly and
laboriously followed the path of the "noble-minded" Bereans of Acts
17:11, examining the Scriptures daily to
see whether these things were so, and have composed my
As in previous
studies, we will begin with a restatement
of those declarations in the AMC's We Believe statement that
relevance to the Kingdom;
AMC STATEMENT: KINGDOM EXCERPTS
Part 2: God the Son
We believe that God the Son became flesh in the person of
Yeshua of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel, who was
conceived of the Spirit of God and born of the Jewish
virgin, Miriam (Mary). We believe in His full deity and full
humanity, His sinless life, and His miracles. We believe
that Messiah Yeshua arose from the dead bodily, ascended
into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father,
making intercession for believers. He will come again in
glory establishing His literal Millennial Kingdom on earth.
(Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:2; Luke 1:26-79)
We believe Israel is
God's special people, distinct from the body of Messiah,
chosen by Him to be a holy nation and a Kingdom of priests.
The election of Israel is irrevocable. . . . We believe the
Abrahamic Covenant is an irrevocable, unconditional covenant
God made with Jewish people. This covenant provides title to
the land of Israel for the Jewish people and promises a
descendant (the Messiah) who would come to redeem Israel and
bless the entire world. The spiritual blessings of the
Abrahamic Covenant overflow to all the nations. God will
ultimately fulfill every aspect of the covenant in the
Messianic Kingdom, both physical and spiritual. . . .
(Genesis 12:1-3, 15:1-21; Romans 11:1-29)
We believe in the personal, bodily,
visible, and pre-millennial return of the Lord Yeshua. At
that time He will lift the corruption which now rests upon
the whole of creation, totally restore Israel to her own
land, give her the realization of God's covenanted promises
and bring the whole world to the knowledge of God. We
believe in the bodily resurrection of all men. . . .
(Daniel 9:24-27; Matthew 24:30; Acts 1:11; Romans 8:19-23;
11:25-27; Titus 2:13)
XI. SPIRITUAL CONDITIONS
What will be the spiritual
condition of our planet during the Millennium? What will be the
PRESENCE OF YESHUA AND THE SPIRIT
Above all other factors, the
overall spiritual condition of the Kingdom will be determined by the
reign of Messiah Yeshua over the world and by the superabundant presence of the
Spirit. The reality of these factors was addressed in
Part 3: The Two Foundational Realities.
B. THE CONFINEMENT OF SATAN AND
In stark contrast to the
overwhelming presence and spiritual influence of the Son of God and the Spirit
of God is the confinement of
Satan and his demons, rendering their
destructive, tormenting and deceptive influences null and void.
Satan himself will be bound in the Abyss (Revelation 20:2-3), and
his demons will be confined to two locations on earth, addressed below.
To sum up thus far, the powerful
influence of Satan will be eliminated while the far more powerful influences
of Yeshua and the Spirit will be released.
C. THE NON-DIVINE
PERSONS IN THE KINGDOM
1. The Groups
As was shown in
The Great Tribulation and
The Inhabitants of the Kingdom, only the saved will enter the
Kingdom. This group will include the saved of every age since Adam.
Many will be in glorified, immortal, heavenly bodies, and many will be in mortal
Those in glorified bodies will be in a state of confirmed creaturely
holiness: The sin nature will have been purged from their spirits,
they will think only holy thoughts, perform only holy acts, and be
of sinning. Those in mortal bodies, though saved, will retain
their sin natures, will be able to sin, and will parent mortal
children who themselves will have sin natures and be
able to sin (Isaiah 11:8, 65:20; Zechariah 14:17-19; Revelation 20:7-9),
which explains why it will be necessary for the Lord to
with a rod of iron (Revelation 12:5 and 19:15, based on Psalm 2:9).
On the basis of such passages as
2 Peter 3:9 (The Lord is . . . not wishing
for any to perish but for all to come to repentance), and
the fact that He will have applied that principle to every mortal
since Adam, we can be sure that all unsaved mortals in the Kingdom will
likewise be given the opportunity to either receive the Lord and be
saved, or to reject Him and be eternally condemned.
Without exception, every Jew born in the Kingdom will receive
the Lord. This is made clear in a number of places, including
this statement of the New Covenant in Jeremiah:
this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after
those days," declares the LORD, "I will put My law within them and on
their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be
My people. 34. "They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and
each man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they will all know
Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them," declares the LORD.
~ Jeremiah 31:33-34
will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of
them," declares the LORD.
Ezekiel also declares the
salvation of Israel, and adds that they will walk in holiness:
24. For I will
take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands
and bring you into your own land. 25. Then I will
sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I
will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all
your idols. 26. Moreover, I will give you a new heart
and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the
heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of
flesh. 27. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you
to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to
observe My ordinances.
~ Ezekiel 36:24-27 ~
All Jews in the Kingdom will be saved
from the least of them to the greatest of them, and every one of them will walk in holiness.
Many Gentiles born in the Kingdom will reject the Lord (Isaiah
11:4, 65:20; Zechariah 14:19; Revelation 20:7-9), and many will
receive Him. The latter truth may be seen in these passages:
|And many peoples will come
and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the
LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; that He may
teach us concerning His ways and that we may walk in His
~ Isaiah 2:3 ~
Then in that day the nations will resort to the root of Jesse
[Yeshua], Who will stand as a signal for the
24. In that
day Israel will be the third party with Egypt and
Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25. whom
the LORD of hosts has blessed, saying, "Blessed is Egypt
My people, and Assyria the work of My hands, and Israel
My inheritance." 
~ Isaiah 19:24-25 ~
D. THE ABSENCE OF INSTITUTIONALIZED
FALSE RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES
Although unbelief and sin will
reside in the hearts of many, no false religion or philosophy will be allowed
to become institutionalized. The Lord destroyed the false church and
the worship of Antichrist during the Great Tribulation (Revelation
17:16, 19:20-21), and we can be sure that He will never allow a
glimmer of such to arise again, For the
earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover
the sea (Isaiah 11:9).
ABSENCE OF IDOLATRY AND OCCULT PRACTICES
Not only will the
institutionalization of false religions and philosophies be
disallowed, but idolatry and occultism will be
disallowed, as well.
|10. "It will
be in that day," declares the LORD . . . . 12. "I will
cut off sorceries from your hand, and you will have
fortune-tellers no more. 13. I will cut off your carved
images and your sacred pillars from among you, so that
you will no longer bow down to the work of your hands.
14. I will root out your Asherim
 from among you."
~ Micah 5:10-14 ~
XII: KINGDOM GOVERNMENT
A. A MESSIANIC THEOCRACY
The government in the Kingdom
will not be a democracy. It will be a monarchy, and an absolute one, at
that. (This says nothing about what may or may not be the ideal form of
government in any of today's political entities.) The God-Man will be its Head, making it a
theocracy, a government in which God is recognized as the supreme civil
ruler. (God, of course, has always been absolute Ruler over everything.
He had absolute authority over Israel in the days
of the kings, but He was not recognized as the supreme civil ruler: the
AUTHORITIES AND POSITIONS
There will be a chain of
governmental command over the whole earth.
1. Participants in the First Resurrection: Priests of God and
holy is the one who has a part in the first
resurrection; over these the second death has no power,
but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will
reign with Him for a thousand years.
~ Revelation 20:6 ~
All saints of all previous ages
who had heretofore been resurrected will reign with Messiah in some
capacity for the duration of the Millennium. This group is comprised
of all Old and New Testament saints, both Jewish and Gentile, the
two Tribulation witnesses and all martyred Tribulation saints.
Surely, Enoch and Elijah, who had never seen death but had been
drawn up directly into Heaven, will reign, as well. Most of the
following authorities, including Yeshua, are part of the
Yeshua HaMashiach: King of the World
Yeshua HaMashiach, Jesus the Messiah, will reign as King over the
whole earth. Numerous passages declare this. Perhaps the most
succinct are Zechariah 14:9 and Revelation 11:15.
And the LORD will be king over all the
earth; in that day the LORD will be the only one, and His name the
The Kingdom of the world has become the
of our Lord and of His Messiah; and He will reign forever and ever.
Revelation 19:16, He is entitled King of
kings, which is a Hebrew way of saying "the greatest of
all kings."  (John, the author, was a Jew). The passage
also reveals Him as King of
kings in another sense, as the divine King
taking dominion over all of earth's mortal kings.
Other passages are Psalm 2:6-8, 72:1-19; Isaiah
9:6-7, 11:1-10, 16:15; Jeremiah 33:14-17; Revelation 12:7, 19:15.
Yeshua HaMashiach: King of Israel
Not only will Yeshua be King over the whole earth, He will also
assume specific kingship over the nation of Israel.
|31. And behold,
you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall
name Him Jesus. 32. He will be great and will be called the
Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the
throne of His father David; 33. and He will reign over the
house of Jacob forever, and His Kingdom will have no end.
~ Luke 1:31-33 ~
"Behold, the days are coming," declares
the LORD, "When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; And He
will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in
the land. 6. In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell
securely; and this is His name by which He will be called, 'The LORD our
~ Jeremiah 23:5-6
4. David: King
In Jewish celebrations, accompanied by the joyous traditional dance, the hora,
one might hear the joyous and happy round
Dahveed, melech Yisrael, chai, chai,
which means, "David, King of Israel, lives, lives,
and continues to live!"
According to Wikipedia, the song's origin is
rabbinic and expresses the hope of the coming Messiah, born of
David's line.  Nevertheless, it is true that literal David will
reign over Israel along with Messiah, Son of David. Surely it will be a joyous occasion when
saved Israel in the Millennium will see their resurrected King David
reigning over Israel from his glorious throne. He will obviously
reign as king under King Messiah.
Jeremiah 30:9: But they
shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will
raise up for them.
|23. Then I will set over
them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed
them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd.
24. And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant
David will be prince among them; I the LORD have spoken.
~ Ezekiel 34:23-24 ~
If there is any doubt as to whether David may be
taken as a symbol of Messiah the Son of
David (Matthew 1:1, 21:9, et al), identifying
the Speaker in the verse clears it up. In verses 11-22, the
Speaker declares that He will search for His sheep; seek them
out; care for His sheep; feed His sheep; lead them to rest;
bring back the scattered; bind and strengthen the sick. In John
10:7-18, Yeshua identified Himself as
the good Shepherd Who lays down His life for the
sheep, and the Gospels portray how He carried out all that the
good shepherd was prophesied to do in Ezekiel 34. Then, in verse
24, the Speaker, Yeshua, the one we have identified as King over
Israel, declares that he will set a second person,
My servant David, to be
prince among them: Two separate people.
|4. For the sons of
Israel will remain for many days without king or
prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and
without ephod or household idols. 5. Afterward the
sons of Israel will return and seek the LORD their
God and David their king; and they will come
trembling to the LORD and to His goodness in the
~ Hosea 3:4-5 ~
Again to distinguish between
the LORD their God and David
their king: Two chapters later, in 5:15, Hosea
identifies the LORD whom
they will seek as the One
who has left earth and and will return: Yeshua.
|24. My servant David
will be king over them, and they will all have one
shepherd; and they will walk in My ordinances and
keep My statutes and observe them. 25. They
will live on the land that I gave to Jacob My
servant, in which your fathers lived; and they will
live on it, they, and their sons and their sons'
sons, forever; and David My servant will be their
~ Ezekiel 37:24-25 ~
In the passages cited, David is referred to
variously as king and prince. He will be king over Israel, but in
relation to Yeshua, Israel's Arch-King, he will be a prince.
5. The Twelve Apostles: Over the Twelve Tribes of Israel
|And Jesus said
to them, "Truly I say to you, that you who have followed
Me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on
His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve
thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel."
~ Matthew 19:28
28. You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; 29.
and just as My Father has granted Me a Kingdom, I grant
you 30. that you may eat and drink at My table in My
Kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve
tribes of Israel.
~ Luke 22:28-30 ~
regeneration in the Matthew passage
refers to that period during which earth will have been renewed,
namely, the Millennium. Though today it is impossible to know with
absolute certainty which tribe any Jew belongs to, it will be made
clear in the Kingdom; and a territory will be set aside for
each tribe over which one of the apostles will rule under David,
king over all Israel.
Twelve apostles? Judas,
the son of perdition, was never
saved - so who will be the twelfth apostle: Matthias (Acts 1:26)? Paul?
Someone else? We will find out for certain in the Kingdom.
Judges and Counselors: In Israel
Other designations of some in authority in Israel are
princes (Isaiah 32:1; Ezekiel
45:8), judges and
counselors (Isaiah 1:26).
The princes in Ezekiel 45:8 appear to be the twelve
apostles, each of whom will rule over a tribe:
My princes shall no longer oppress My people, but they shall give
the rest of the land to the house of Israel according to their
tribes. As a whole, though, the three designations will
include others, as well.
Zerubbabel: Like a Signet Ring
Zerubbabel, post-exilic governor of Judah, will be placed in an
unnamed position of authority.
|"On that day," declares the
LORD of hosts, "I will take you, Zerubbabel, son of
Shealtiel, My servant," declares the LORD, "and I will
make you like a signet ring, for I have chosen you,"
declares the LORD of hosts.
~ Haggai 2:23 ~
A signet ring
was worn by kings and others in high authority to impress their seal
in wax. The Lord was pleased with Zerubbabel and promised him a
position of high authority on that day,
meaning, in the Kingdom. What position he will hold and over whom he
will hold it is not stated.
Israel: Over the Gentile Nations
Israel as a nation will rule over the Gentiles. Two passages in
Isaiah state this plainly:
|1. When the LORD will have
compassion on Jacob and again choose Israel, and settle
them in their own land, then strangers will join them
and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. 2. The
peoples will take them along and bring them to their
place, and the house of Israel will possess them as an
inheritance in the land of the LORD as male servants and
female servants; and they will take their captors
captive and will rule over their oppressors.
~ Isaiah 14:1-2 ~
Israel will rule over
her former oppressors
and will also take individuals from among them
as male servants and female servants
. . . as an
inheritance in the land of the LORD, namely, Israel.
60:10. Foreigners will build up your walls, and their
kings will minister to you; for in My wrath I struck
you, and in My favor I have had compassion on you. 11.
Your gates will be open continually; They will not be
closed day or night, so that men may bring to you the
wealth of the nations, with their kings led in
procession. 12. For the nation and the kingdom which
will not serve you will perish, and the nations will be
utterly ruined. 13. The glory of Lebanon will come to
you, the juniper, the box tree and the cypress together,
to beautify the place of My sanctuary; and I shall make
the place of My feet glorious. 14. The sons of those who
afflicted you will come bowing to you, and all those who
despised you will bow themselves at the soles of your
feet; and they will call you the city of the LORD, the
Zion of the Holy One of Israel. 15. Whereas you have
been forsaken and hated with no one passing through, I
will make you an everlasting pride, a joy from
generation to generation. 16. You will also suck the
milk of nations and suck the breast of kings; Then you
will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior and your
Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. . . . 61:5. Strangers
will stand and pasture your flocks, and foreigners will
be your farmers and your vinedressers.
~ Isaiah 60:10 - 61:5 ~
In verse 11, Gentile kings will led in
procession to bring tribute to Israel. Note, in
particular, verses 12 and 16:
For the nation and the Kingdom which
will not serve you will perish, and the nations will be utterly
ruined. . . . You will also
suck the milk of nations and suck the breast of kings.
Though the following passage does not apply
directly because it is contingent upon obedience to the Mosaic
Law, which was rendered inoperative at the cross,  yet it sums up very nicely what the Lord will bring about
upon Israel's future obedience to the New Covenant (Jeremiah
31:31-34; Ezekiel 11:17-20, 36:24-28; Zechariah 13:1; Romans
11:25-27, et al).
|The LORD will make you
the head and not the tail, and you only will be
above, and you will not be underneath, if you listen
to the commandments of the LORD your God, which I
charge you today, to observe them carefully.
~ Deuteronomy 28:13 ~
9. The Church and the Tribulation Martyrs: Over the Gentiles
|4. Then I saw thrones,
and they sat on them, and judgment was given to
them. And I saw the souls of those who had been
beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and
because of the word of God, and those who had not
worshiped the beast or his image, and had not
received the mark on their forehead and on their
hand; and they came to life and reigned with Messiah
for a thousand years. 5. The rest of the dead did
not come to life until the thousand years were
completed. This is the first resurrection. 6.
Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the
first resurrection; over these the second death has
no power, but they will be priests of God and of
Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.
~ Revelation 20:4-6 ~
Two groups are mentioned:
those to whom
judgment was given and
those who had been beheaded
because of their testimony of Jesus.
As to the identity of the first group, consider what Paul
said to the Corinthian church in 1 Corinthians 6:2-3:
2. Or do you not know that the
saints will judge the world? . . . . 3. Do you not know that
we will judge angels? Those to whom judgment was
given refers to the church. As to when the church
will judge angels will
be taken up in a future Shofar, but Revelation 20:6 shows
that the saints will judge the
world during the Millennium. This is stated again
in 2 Timothy 2:12: If we endure, we
will also reign with Him. As to the identity of
the second group, those who had
been beheaded because of
their testimony of Jesus refers to the
Tribulation martyrs. As concerns both groups,
they will be priests of God and of
Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.
A great many from both groups, if not all,
will rule over the Gentile nations, as will be made
Over the Gentile Nations
There will be kings over
the Gentile nations. Some will be saved (Isaiah 2:3;
19:24-25), some will be disobedient to the Lord's commands,
some are called His enemies;
and, as the Millennium draws to a close, all
the rulers of the nations at that time will lead their armies in an attack on
the camp of the saints and the
beloved city in which the Lord will dwell. (Psalm
72:8-10; Isaiah 60:10-11, 16; Zechariah 14:17-19; Revelation
In the context of the
Millennium as a whole, a great many of these kings, if not
all, will be Gentiles. We know this because there will be
rebels among them, and every Jew in the Kingdom will be
serving the Lord in holiness (Ezekiel 36:27). Another
conclusion that can be drawn is that Israel, the church and
the Tribulation saints, all being true servants of the Lord,
will be placed in authority over the kings of the Gentile
Thus far we have seen that Israel, the
church and the Tribulation martyrs will rule over the
Gentiles. How these groups will interrelate in their mutual
rulership remains to be seen.
CIVIL LAW IN THE KINGDOM
There will be civil laws and
judgments that must be obeyed. There will also be laws relating to
Millennial Temple worship, which will be addressed in our next
Shofar; but for now, we'll establish the fact that there will be
2. Now it will come about that
in the last days the mountain of the house of the LORD
will be established as the chief of the mountains, and
will be raised above the hills; and all the nations will
stream to it. 3. And many peoples will come and say,
"Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the
house of the God of Jacob; that He may teach us
concerning His ways and that we may walk in His paths."
For the law will go forth from Zion and the word of the
LORD from Jerusalem.
~ Isaiah 22:2-3 ~
Micah 4:1-2 reads exactly the same, except where Isaiah
says, For the law will go forth from Zion and the
word of the LORD from Jerusalem, Micah says,
For from Zion will go forth the law, even the word of the LORD from
Jerusalem. 3. And He will
judge between many peoples and render decisions for mighty, distant
law that will go forth from
Zion will include both Temple law and civil law. The
declaration, He will judge
between many peoples and render decisions for mighty, distant
nations shows that many of the civil judgments rendered
by Yeshua will be on an international scale. All of His judgments
will carry the force of law; and, when necessary and called for,
He will enforce them with a rod of iron
(Psalm 2:9; Revelation 2:27, 12:5, 19:15). He will likewise render
judgments concerning the poor: But with
righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for
the afflicted of the earth; and He will strike the earth with the
rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He will slay the
wicked (Isaiah 11:4).
Inasmuch as there will be civil laws and judgments
proceeding from Yeshua, there must certainly be the same proceeding from
David, the apostles, and those serving under them.
XIV. LIVING CONDITIONS
IN THE KINGDOM
Earth's present condition bears the scars and devastations of sin
on every hand: in extremes in weather, earthquakes, lava flows and
tsunamis, in crop damage due to locusts and other infestations, in the
injuriousness of mankind on personal and international levels, in the
destruction and poisoning of the environment by careless humanity, and
in the countless illnesses, diseases and injuries that afflict the human
race and all living things. However, in the renewed earth under the
personal stewardship of King Yeshua, none of these conditions will prevail
nor even be remembered: For behold, I create
new heavens and a new earth; and the former things will not be
remembered or come to mind
The following passages are a few among the many that
reveal living conditions in the Kingdom:
Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a
branch from his roots will bear fruit. 2. The Spirit of the
LORD will rest on Him, the spirit of wisdom and
understanding, the spirit of counsel and strength, the
spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD. 3. And He will
delight in the fear of the LORD, and He will not judge by
what His eyes see, nor make a decision by what His ears
hear; 4. But with righteousness He will judge the poor, and
decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and He
will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with
the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked. 5. Also
righteousness will be the belt about His loins, and
faithfulness the belt about His waist.
6. And the wolf
will dwell with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with
the young goat, and the calf and the young lion and the
fatling together; and a little boy will lead them. 7. Also
the cow and the bear will graze, their young will lie down
together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8. The
nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, and the
weaned child will put his hand on the viper's den. 9. They
will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, for the
earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the
waters cover the sea.
~ Isaiah 11:1-9 ~
wilderness and the desert will be glad, and the Arabah
rejoice and blossom; like the crocus. 2. It will blossom
profusely and rejoice with rejoicing and shout of joy.
The glory of Lebanon will be given to it, the majesty of
Carmel and Sharon. . . . 5. Then the eyes of the blind
will be opened and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped.
6. Then the lame will leap like a deer, and the tongue of
the mute will shout for joy. For waters will break forth in
the wilderness and streams in the Arabah. 7. And the glowing sand shall
become a pool, and the thirsty ground springs of water:
in the habitation of jackals, where they lay, shall be
grass with reeds and rushes.
8. A highway will be
there, a roadway, and it will be called the Highway of
Holiness. The unclean will not travel on it, but it will be
for him who walks that way, and fools will not wander on it.
9. No lion will be there, nor will any vicious beast go up
on it; these will not be found there. But the redeemed will
walk there, 10. And the ransomed of the LORD will return and
come with joyful shouting to Zion, with everlasting joy upon
their heads. They will find gladness and joy, and sorrow and
sighing will flee away.
~ Isaiah 35:1-2, 5-10
longer will there be in it an infant who lives but a few
days, or an old man who does not live out his days; for the
youth will die at the age of one hundred and the one who
does not reach the age of one hundred will be thought
~ Isaiah 65:20 ~
"The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat
straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent's food.
They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain," says
~ Isaiah 65:25 ~
Many nations will come and say, "Come and let us go up to
the mountain of the LORD and to the house of the God of
Jacob, that He may teach us about His ways and that we may
walk in His paths." For from Zion will go forth the law,
even the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 3. And He will
judge between many peoples and render decisions for mighty,
distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into
plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks; nation will
not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they
train for war. 4. Each of them will sit under his vine and
under his fig tree, with no one to make them afraid, for the
mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken.
~ Micah 4:2-4 ~
Many Kingdom passages describing a bountiful earth
and copacetic social conditions are actually specific to Israel.
the Arabah in Isaiah 35:1,6, often
translated desert, is the name
of a desert area south of the Dead Sea;
Carmel and Sharon in
verse 2 are places in Israel; the mountain of the house of the
LORD in Isaiah 2:2 is Mt. Zion in Jerusalem, a literal
mountain on which the Millennial temple will be
built. However, although such blessings will exist in
Israel, there are plenty of indications that similar
conditions will exist throughout the earth, not counting areas of
localized judgments. To begin with,
the entire earth will have been renovated (Isaiah
65:17; 2 Peter 3:13); similarly, the blessings of peace, security and
prosperity described in the Micah passage are in the context of
many nations (verse 2), and the reason
given in the Isaiah 11 passage for the docility of animals is
in the context of the
earth (verse 9).
Areas that were formerly deserts will be bountiful
botanical gardens (Isaiah 35:1). Yahveh Tsid-KE-nu, Jehovah Our
Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6), will teach the nations to
walk in His paths (Micah 2:2).
As such, they will normally resolve their differences peacefully
but when necessary, the Lord will personally resolve their disputes.
If any choose to rebel against His judgment,
with the breath of His lips He
will slay the wicked (Isaiah 11:4) when necessary so that
armed conflict will be a thing of the past.
He will likewise bring justice to the poor and
afflicted. No longer will some be basking in a surfeit of luxury
while others suffer in poverty and want. The Lord will see to it
that each person will enjoy a comfortable, bountiful, beautiful,
secure place in which to dwell:
Each of them will sit under his vine and under his fig tree, with
no one to make them afraid (Micah 4:4). 
He will also heal all physical maladies:
5. Then the eyes of the blind
will be opened and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. 6. Then
the lame will leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute will
shout for joy. (Isaiah 35:5-6)
Isaiah 35:5-6 is specific to Jews that will recently
have been ransomed at the end of
the Tribulation and be returning
to Israel (verse 8), yet it is hard to imagine that such healing and health
will not be the condition of all the
ransomed in the Kingdom. Due to the abundance of
nutritious food, a healthy environment and greatly improved human
relationships, the overall health of the human race will greatly exceed what it is today
as evidenced by the fact that
one who does not reach the age of one hundred will be thought
accursed (Isaiah 65:20.
But how is it that there will be
the poor and physically
afflicted in the Kingdom to begin with?
Those who enter in glorified bodies will have been
lifted to the pinnacle and epitome of human health and vitality and
will be living on a plane far
above such physical needs as food and sleep. But those who "walk into" the Kingdom from
the Great Tribulation will be in their natural, mortal bodies and
will have endured the great devastations of that terrible time, as
well as persecutions, being either Jewish, or being Gentiles who
withstood the dictates of Antichrist and offered succor to the
persecuted Jews (Matthew 25:31-45). Surely, many from both groups
will be in poverty and poor health when they enter, and surely, it
seems, the passages of healing and prosperity will apply to them
all, not just the Jews. Furthermore, they will bear descendants who will likewise be in
their natural bodies; but the passages that speak of the
bountifulness of the earth and of economic well being seem to
declare that, as with war, hunger and want will be a thing of the
past as a general rule. (There will be national and familial
judgments: Droughts, plagues and fire from Heaven are mentioned
[Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:16-19; Revelation 20:9].)
Isaiah 65:20 tells us that there will also be death
in the Kingdom, at least for unbelievers, who will die at the latest at the
age of a hundred. Isaiah 11:4 also shows that there will be death by
capital punishment. Isaiah 65:20 also declares that there will be no
infant mortality and implies that believers will live far beyond a
hundred, possibly not dying at all.
XV. IMPERFECTIONS IN THE
The Kingdom will be a paradise
compared to our present state, but it will not be a pre-Fall edenic
paradise. Certain of the aspects of the Adamic
curse will be eliminated (such as the violence of animals) and others
mitigated (such as the devastations of the planet's geography), but it
will not be totally devoid of the curse or of judgment for sin.
The Adamic curse will still be
upon the serpent: and dust will be the
serpent's food (Isaiah 65:25b).
Babylon (southern Iraq between
the Tigris and Euphrates) and Edom (original territory: southern
Jordan) will be
utterly desolate for the duration of the Millennium, filled with demons and unfit
for human habitation. (Babylon: Isaiah 13:19-22; Jeremiah 50:39-40;
51:41-43; Revelation 18:1-3, etc. Edom: Isaiah 34:8-15; Jeremiah
49:9-22; Ezekiel 35:10-15; Joel 3:19; Obadiah 1:5-6,10,18, etc.). As
to the nature of the creatures that are said to dwell in Babylon and
Edom during the Millennium, see footnote 9.
Babylon was the birthplace of institutionalized astrology and idolatry at the
Tower of Babel; the Kingdom of Babylon destroyed the Holy Temple,
the house of the God of Israel; and the rebuilt city of Babylon
will be Antichrist's capitol in the Great Tribulation. Pointedly,
each of these epochal instances have to do with the overthrow of God
and the establishment of Satan as God.
As for Edom, at least two reasons are specified for their judgment:
their everlasting enmity toward Israel, and their desire to possess
the Land that Israel had lost to Assyria and Babylon in terrible,
devastating judgments (Ezekiel 35:10-14). 
An interesting aside here is that all demons (except those spoken of
in 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6)
will be imprisoned in these locations and no demon will be with
Satan in the Abyss. We can derive this from Isaiah 24:21-22:
|21. So it will happen in
that day, that the LORD will punish the host of heaven
on high, and the kings of the earth on earth. 22. They
will be gathered together like prisoners in the dungeon,
and will be confined in prison; and after many days they
will be punished.
The translations of
the passage are diverse. However, the following can be gathered from common
threads among the translations and from related passages:
1. The verses prior to Isaiah 24:21-22 describe the Great
Tribulation, setting the context of the passage.
2. Satan and his demons will be wreaking havoc until
the end of the Tribulation.
3. The host of heaven
refers to demons. We know this because they will be
4. They will not be
gathered together . . . after many days,
but will be punished after many
days. First comes the gathering together, and then,
after many days comes the
punishment. They will be
gathered together at some point after the Great Tribulation and the very beginning of the
Millennium. We know that the beginning of the Millennium is the
latest point at which they will be
gathered together like prisoners in the dungeon
because, as we have seen, they will be imprisoned
in Babylon and Edom for the duration of the Millennium.
5. Even if they were gathered at the very end of the Tribulation we
cannot conclude that their punishment will be their imprisonment in Babylon and Edom because the seventy-five day interval between
the Tribulation and the Millennium can hardly be called
many days. The number of days in
a thousand years can certainly be called
From these things we can conclude
that the host of heaven
will be gathered
together like prisoners in Babylon and
Edom, and then, at the end of the thousand years, be eternally
punished in the Lake of Fire.
But what about
the kings of the earth on earth? Who
are they? They cannot be the human kings who are killed with their
armies at the end of the Tribulation (Revelation 19:16-19), because
the spirits of human unbelievers go to Hades upon death, not Babylon
or Edom, and the Isaiah passage groups them together with the Host
of heaven who will be
gathered together like prisoners. They
will go to Babylon and Edom right along with the
host of heaven - and the inhabitants of Babylon and Edom will be demons. So who are these
kings of the earth on earth?
They must be those demons who have authority over nations, such as the prince of Persia
and the prince of Greece in the
days of Daniel (Daniel 10:20).
To sum up, the demonic host of heaven
and the demon kings of
the earth on earth will be
gathered together like prisoners in the dungeon
in Babylon and Edom. They will remain there for
the entire Millennium, and
be punished by spending eternity in
the Lake of Fire (Matthew 25:41).
Please note that the following have
reference only to those in their natural bodies:
There will be some who are poor
at the beginning of the Millennium. (Micah 4:4)
There will be some who are
physically afflicted, at least at the beginning of the Millennium.
Those in their natural bodies
will possess the sin nature. (Isaiah 11:8, 65:20; Zechariah
14:17-19; Revelation 20:7-9)
Many will reject the Lord and His
salvation. (Isaiah 11:4, 65:20; Zechariah 14:19; Revelation 20:7-9)
The unsaved, if not others, will
die of old age. (Isaiah 65:20)
There will be capital punishment.
National sins will be committed,
not the least of which will be the gathering of all nations at
Jerusalem at the end of the Millennium in Satan's final attempt to
overthrow the Lord. (Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:19; Revelation
There will be localized familial
and national judgments: droughts and plagues are mentioned, as well
as fire from Heaven. (Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:16-19; Revelation
Though these sin-based phenomena will
be present in the Kingdom, yet, the overall level of holiness and
quality of life will be breathtakingly closer to perfection than they are
in our present age. Absolute perfection must await the Eternal Ages
beyond the Millennium.
In our next Shofar, we will focus on Israel in the
Kingdom and on Kingdom worship.
The entire We
Believe statement of the Association of
Messianic Congregations may be found at
2. Here is an interesting contrast:
Whereas Adam and Eve succumbed to sin via the Devil's temptation before they had the sin nature,
those in the Kingdom in
natural bodies will have the sin nature; and though the Devil
and his demons will be
bound and cannot tempt, they will be tempted of their own sin nature
to sin, and will sin.
is now "primarily Iraq and parts of Syria."
Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G. The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the
Sequence of Prophetic Events. San Antonio: Ariel Ministries, 1982. P.
are idols of the false goddess Asherah.
5. Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G.
Biblical Lovemaking: A Study of the Song of Solomon. San Antonio: Ariel
Ministries, 1983. P. 1.
6. "David Melech Yisrael." Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, n.d. Web. 30Nov.2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Melech_Yisrael>.
The Abolition of the Law in Shofar 31.
8. The phrase
his vine and under his fig tree is not to be taken literally,
though it may be the actual case for many. It is an idiom for personal
prosperity. In 2 Kings 18:31, the Assyrian general Rabshakeh shouted to the
people of Judah,
Do not listen to Hezekiah; for
thus says the king of Assyria: "Make peace with me by a present and come out
to me; and every one of you eat from his own vine and every one
from his own fig tree, and every one of you drink the waters of
his own cistern."
Kings 18:31 ~
As to the nature of the creatures that will inhabit Edom, we'll use Isaiah
34:14 as an example. Hairy
goat refers to a demon in goat form (Fruchtenbaum,
Arnold G. Messianic Bible Study 017: The Messianic Kingdom. San
Antonio: Ariel Ministries, 1983, 2005. P. 29.), and night
monster (screech owl,
KJV) refers to a female demon (Keil and Delitszch Commentary on the Old
Also, see "Esau" in
The Satanic and Human Aspects of Antisemitism in Shofar 28.
As to the nature of the creatures that will inhabit Babylon, we'll use
Isaiah 13:19-22 as an example. The first thing to note is Revelation 19:2-3:
|2. He has judged
the great harlot [Babylon]
who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and He has
avenged the blood of His bondservants on her. 3. And a second
time they said, "Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up forever and
Babylon will burn throughout the
Millennium. (Forever and similar
translations in Scripture often mean until the end of a person's life or
until the end of an era. See different translations of 1 Samuel 1:22. Also
Exodus 21:6; Psalm 89:1; Proverbs 5:19.) It will be a place where no earthly
creature can exist. What, then, will be the nature of the creatures that
will dwell there?
is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons
and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every
unclean and hateful bird.
~ Revelation 18:2 ~
Just as the creatures that will inhabit
Edom throughout the Millennium will actually be demons in the form of
earthly creatures, the same will be true of Babylon.
Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum
1. The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic
Events. Many consider Footsteps a landmark work in the piecing
together of end-time prophecy.
2. Messianic Bible Study 002: The Jews and the Tribulation
3. Messianic Bible Study 003: The Basis of the Second Coming of the Messiah
4. Messianic Bible Study 017: The Messianic Kingdom
5. Messianic Bible Study 018: Israel and the Messianic Kingdom
6. Messianic Bible Study 028: The Olivet Discourse
7. Messianic Bible Study 062: The Feasts of Israel
8. Messianic Bible Study 084: The Four Women of Revelation
9. Messianic Bible Study 113: The Jewish Wedding System and the Bride of
Dr. Fruchtenbaum's publications
are available at
Ariel Ministries in
many for free listening at Ariel Ministries'
Come and See.
Also, Premillennialism in the Old
Testament, Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum:
The Prophetic Feasts of Israel.
The Faithful Remnant of Israel.
Cooper, Simmons, Wales
Cooper, Dr. David L. "Biblical Research Studies Group - What We
Believe." Biblical Research Studies Group,
http://biblicalresearch.info/page792.html. See section, "The Millennial
Reign of Christ."
Simmons, Thomas P. "Chapter 42 - The Millennium." Providence Baptist
Wales, Ronald E. "The 1,000 Year Messianic Kingdom called The Millennium |
Biblical Future Events."
The Messianic Kingdom
~ a messianic Bible study ~
© Norman Manzon, 2013-2014
All rights reserved.
More of Norm's studies may be accessed at
Norman Manzon is a Bible teacher in Hawaii
and may be reached at
"BibleStudyProject at hawaiiantel.net."
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