The AMC was founded for the primary purpose of promoting sound doctrine and
practice in Messianic circles and in the greater body of Messiah. We therefore
consider the study of Scripture and the faithfulness of our doctrinal statement
to Scripture to be of overriding importance. This study is the fourth in a
series that examines why we believe as we do. It is our hope that you will
seriously consider these studies and allow the Lord to show you if, in fact,
they are faithful to His Word, as did the Berean Jews of Acts 17:11.
The second point of
our doctrinal statement declares our belief in a Tri-unity,
a triune God, which seems to fly in the face of the Shema, the universal credo
of Judaism, in which God declares Himself to be “one" (Deuteronomy 6:4). In our
first study on the Tri-unity, we addressed those points covered in our opening
statement on the subject. In our second study, we examined Parts 1 and 3 of our
Tri-unity statement, which declare the personality and divinity of the Father
and the Holy Spirit. In this issue, we will consider Part 2, which has to do
with the personality and simultaneous humanity and divinity of the Son, a true
stumbling block to many. Then finally, in our November issue, we will examine
how the Tri-unity of these three divine Persons is revealed in the Tanach
(Hebrew Scriptures) and in the New Testament.
Here is our doctrinal statement on God the Son:
GOD THE SON
Part 2: God the Son - We believe that God the Son became flesh in the person of
Yeshua of Nazareth, the promised Messiah of Israel, who was conceived of the
Spirit of God and born of the Jewish virgin, Miriam (Mary). We believe in His
full deity and full humanity, His sinless life, and His miracles. We believe
that Messiah Yeshua arose from the dead bodily, ascended into heaven, and is
seated at the right hand of the Father, making intercession for believers. He
will come again in glory establishing His literal Millennial kingdom on earth.
(Isaiah 7:14; 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:2; Luke 1:26-79; John 1:1,2,14-18)
Let's look to the Scriptures to substantiate each claim contained herein. As
much as possible, we'll draw our proofs from the Tanach, the Hebrew Scriptures:
We believe that God the Son...
Does the Tanach declare a God the Son?
Isaiah 9:6. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the
government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful,
Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Would the great prophet Isaiah dare declare that a humanly born son would be
called Mighty God and Everlasting Father were it not so? Obviously not. It is
clear, then, that Scripture declares a human God the Son. It is also clear from
the son's titles and that the government shall be upon his shoulder, that this
God the Son is also Messiah.
Became implies that God the Son pre-existed His human birth. Does Scripture
Psalm 2:6 'Truly it is I that have established My king upon Zion, My holy
mountain.' 7 I will tell of the decree: the LORD said unto me: 'Thou art My son,
this day have I begotten thee. 8 Ask of Me, and I will give the nations for
thine inheritance, and the ends of the earth for thy possession. 9 Thou shalt
break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's
This passage is also clearly Messianic and is called by the Son a decree. The
decree contains the declaration by the LORD, 'Thou art My son....'. By this
declaration, God the Father addresses the Messianic God the Son of Isaiah 9:6 as
My son. So we see that the Messianic God the Son is also the Messianic Son of
God. This decree of God is from eternity past, and it is from eternity past that
God the Father conversed with God the Son. It is plain, then, that the Messianic
God the Son pre-existed His human birth.
Indeed, Yeshua implied His pre-existence in this declaration He made to
Nicodemus: John 3:13 And no one has ascended up to Heaven except He who came
down from Heaven, the Son of Man who is in Heaven.
If He came down from Heaven, then He pre-existed His human birth.
Bringing it all together, thus far, and moving ahead,
We believe that God the Son became flesh in the person of Yeshua of Nazareth,
the promised Messiah of Israel, who was conceived of the Spirit of God and born
of the Jewish virgin, Miriam (Mary).
The four main claims in this section that are as yet unaddressed are that the
Son became flesh...
1. in the person of Yeshua of Nazareth,
2. the promised Messiah of Israel,
3. who was conceived of the Spirit of God
4. and born of the Jewish virgin, Miriam (Mary).
I'll begin with the second claim in order to lay a foundation for the others.
...the promised Messiah of Israel,
This most amazing and detailed prophecy of Isaiah was written 700 years before
the birth of Yeshua:
Isaiah 53:1 Who has believed our report? 2 For He comes up before Him as a
tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground; He has no form nor majesty that
we should see Him, nor an appearance that we should desire Him. 3 He is despised
and rejected of men; a Man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as it were
a hiding of faces from Him, He being despised, and we esteemed Him not. 4 Surely
He has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken,
smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was wounded for our transgressions; He
was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was on Him; and
with His stripes we ourselves are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray;
we have turned, each one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the
iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and He was afflicted; yet He opened not
His mouth. He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter; and as a sheep before its
shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and
from judgment; and who shall declare His generation? For He was cut off out of
the land of the living: for the transgression of My people He was stricken. 9
And He put His grave with the wicked and with a rich one in His death;
He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth 10 Yet it pleased the
LORD to crush Him; to grieve Him; that He should put forth His soul as a
guilt-offering. He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the will
of the LORD shall prosper in His hand. 11 He shall see the fruit of the travail
of His soul. He shall be fully satisfied. By His knowledge shall My righteous
Servant justify for many; and He shall bear their iniquities.
Let's look at it once again, but with a little exegesis:
Isaiah 53:1 Who has believed our report?
Truly, until this day, many Jews do not believe this report - but not for
biblical reasons! 2 For He [Messiah] comes up before Him [God His Father] as a
tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground [That is, as a little shoot proceding from a tree stump. Yeshua was of David's royal line; but He was from a
poor family in a nation oppressed by the Roman Empire]; He has no form nor
majesty that we should see Him, nor an appearance that we should desire Him. 3
He is despised and rejected of men; a Man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief;
and as it were a hiding of faces from Him, He being despised, and we esteemed
Him not [His own Jewish people, incited by their leaders, rejected Him to the
uttermost]. 4 Surely He has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we
esteemed Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was wounded for
our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our
peace was on Him; and with His stripes we ourselves are healed. [The New
Testament declares Yeshua's scourging and bruising: …. And when (Pilate) had
scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified (Matthew 27:26). It also
clearly declares a substitutionary suffering and death for sin, as does this
Isaiah passage. 2 Corinthians 5:21: For he (God) hath made
him sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness
of God in him.] 6 All we like sheep have gone
astray; we have turned, each one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on
Him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and He was afflicted; yet
He opened not His mouth. He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter; and as
a sheep before its shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth. [When the Roman Governor, Pilate, interrogated Jesus, he said to Him,
Do you not hear how many things they witness against
you? And He did not answer him a word, so that the governor greatly
marveled. (Matthew 27:13-14)] 8 He was taken
from prison and from judgment; and who shall declare His generation
[or, who could tell His fate]?
For He was cut off out of the land of the living [killed]:
for the transgression of My people He was stricken. 9 And He put His grave
with the wicked [Hebrew scholars Keil and Delitzch say that this phrase
would be better translated, “And they assigned Him His grave with sinners"]
with a rich one in His death [Matthew 15:43-46 declares that a wealthy disciple
of Jesus, Joseph of Arimathea, buried Jesus in his own tomb]; although He had
done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth [2 Corinthians 5:21: ...He...
knew no sin....] 10 Yet it pleased the LORD to crush Him; to grieve Him; that He
should put forth His soul as a guilt-offering. [This is the fulfillment of
Leviticus 17:11: For the life of the flesh is in the blood. And I have given it
to you on the altar to make an atonement for your souls. For it is the blood
that makes an atonement for the soul.] He [Messiah]
shall see His seed [His
spiritual descendants], He shall prolong His days [live a prolonged life], and
the will of the LORD shall prosper in His hand. 11 He shall see the fruit of the
travail of His soul. He shall be fully satisfied. By His knowledge shall My
righteous Servant justify for many [How can Messiah be killed and buried, and
then see His future disciples, live a prolonged life, and prosper the LORD's
work? There's only one possible answer: Resurrection!];
and He shall bear their iniquities.
Now, to address claims 1, 3 and 4:
We believe that God the Son became flesh
1. in the person of Yeshua of Nazareth, ...
3. who was conceived of the Spirit of God
4. and born of the Jewish virgin, Miriam (Mary).
I'll now present a series of scriptures that together substantiate these claims:
Luke 1:30 And the angel said to her, Do not fear, Mary, for you have found favor
with God. 31 And behold! You shall conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you
shall call His name Yeshua. 32 He shall be great and shall be called the Son of
the Highest. And the Lord God shall give Him the throne of His father David. 33
And He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there
shall be no end. 34 Then Mary said to the angel, How shall this be, since I do
not know a man? 35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall
come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you. Therefore also
that Holy One which will be born of you shall be called Son of God.
Verse 31 affirms that God the Son was born in the person of Yeshua; verse 35,
that He was conceived of the Spirit of God; and verses 30-31, that
He would be
born of... Miriam (Mary). That Mary was Jewish is brought out in verse 32
father David. Verses 32 and 33 also make it plain that this Son was Messiah.
We still need to demonstrate that Miriam was a virgin and that Yeshua was of
Though Miriam was not named in the Tanach, a virgin birth is certainly
Isaiah 7:14 So, the Lord Himself shall give you a sign. Behold, the virgin will
conceive and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel.
According to the passage, the birth of the son would be a sign, a telltale
miracle, that miracle being, the virgin will conceive and shall bring forth a
son. In addition, Immanuel, meaning God with Us, is expressive of His dual
divine and human nature.
Matthew 2:23 And he came and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that it might
be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, "He shall be called a Nazarene."
The verse speaks of Miriam's husband, Joseph, bringing Yeshua to Nazareth. The
statement, He shall be called a Nazarene will not be found in the Tanach, but it
summarizes an aspect of Yeshua's life that was prophesied in the Tanach that
was, indeed, fulfilled in His life. (This method of summarizing portions of the
Tanach, called "summation," is found elsewhere in the New Testament, as well.) In Yeshua's day, residents of Nazareth were looked down upon by other Jews, and so
it was with Yeshua. He was looked down upon because He was of Nazareth but, more
significantly, He was rejected by His own people who also delivered Him to
pagans to be crucified. As Isaiah declared, He is despised and rejected of men;
a Man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as it were a hiding of faces
from Him, He being despised, and we esteemed Him not (53:3). Indeed, Yeshua was
a two-fold Nazarene: He was raised in Nazareth and was despised and rejected of
men because of His Messianic claims.
We believe in His full deity and full humanity,
That Messiah would be simultaneously divine and human was intimated in Isaiah
7:14, which prophesied His virgin birth, and was made as plain as day in
In verse 31, the angel tells Miriam, You shall conceive in your womb and bear a
son, and you shall call His name Yeshua. And several verses later,
34 Then Mary
said to the angel, How shall this be, since I do not know a man? 35 And the
angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall come on you, and the power
of the Highest shall overshadow you. Therefore also that Holy One which will be
born of you shall be called Son of God.
The human virgin-born Yeshua was called that Holy One and
Son of God.
Yeshua declared the same. As He was standing bodily on earth speaking with Rabbi
Nicodemus, a member of the Sanhedrin, He declared, And no one has ascended up to
Heaven except He who came down from Heaven, the Son of Man who is in Heaven
"... the Son of Man who IS in Heaven." He was simultaneously on earth and in
heaven: fully human and fully divine.
...His sinless life,
The sinlessness of the prophesied Messiah's life is implicit in the Tanach. As
we have seen, Isaiah 7:14 speaks of the future virgin bearing a Son named
Immanuel, God with Us; and Isaiah 9:6 declares that the Son will be given names
that declare His deity: Mighty God and
That God is sinless hardly needs to be proven; but what about the man Yeshua?
Let's take a look at Luke 1:35, again:
And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall come on you, and
the power of the Highest shall overshadow you. Therefore also that Holy One
which will be born of you shall be called Son of God.
It is the flesh and blood baby of Miriam that is called that Holy One, meaning
absolutely sinless in His very nature. Yeshua was not born with a sin nature,
but with an absolutely holy nature; and this was accomplished by the
overshadowing of God the Holy Spirit upon Miriam. And as to the actual
outworking of this holy overshadowing in His life? Yeshua said to the scribes
and Pharisees who had been dogging Him all of His ministry,
Which of you
convicts Me of sin (John 8:46)?
...and His miracles.
John 3:1 And there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the
Jews. 2 He came to Yeshua by night and said to Him, Rabbi, we know that you are
a teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles which you do unless
God is with him.
That Yeshua did miracles was a fulfillment of Messianic prophecies in the Tanach:
Isaiah 35:4 Say to those of a hasty heart, Be strong, fear not; behold, your God
will come with vengeance, with the full dealing of God. He will come and save
you. 5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf
shall be unstopped. 6 Then the lame shall leap like a deer, and the tongue of
the dumb shall sing....
We believe that Messiah Yeshua arose from the dead bodily,
1 Corinthians 15:3 ...Messiah died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, 4
and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the
Among the scriptures referred to here is the prophecy of Psalm 16:10:
For You will not leave My soul in hell; You will not allow Your Holy One to see
The Psalmist David would never refer to himself as Your Holy One, and his body
has certainly undergone decay by now, three thousand years after his burial.
Therefore, David could certainly not be prophesying of himself, but of the Son
of David, the Messiah. He said, in essence, "The body of the Messiah, Your Holy One, would not suffer
bodily decay because God would not leave My soul in hell (Sheol, the temporary
abode of the dead)." In other words, "God will resurrect Me."
...ascended into heaven,
Act 1:9 And saying these things, as they watched, He was taken up. And a cloud
received Him out of their sight.
...and is seated at the right hand of the Father, making intercession for
Romans 8:34: .... It is Messiah Yeshua that died, yea rather, that was raised
from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for
That Messiah is at the right hand of God is likewise a fulfillment of prophecy:
Psalm 110:1 the LORD said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand until I place Your
enemies as Your footstool.
David the Psalmist declared that the LORD, God the Father, said to David's Lord,
Sit at My right hand until I place Your enemies as Your footstool.
Who might David's Lord be? God prophetically bids this Lord of David to
ascend to His right hand of power, and also promises to place all His
enemies under His feet. Who else could God be speaking to other than Messiah?
He will come again...
That Messiah would return to earth after His ascension is not foreign to the
Hosea 5:15 I will go; I will return to My place until they confess their guilt
and seek My face; in their affliction they will seek Me diligently.
It is obvious that a divine Person is speaking as it is to Him that
confession of guilt will be made, and it is His face whom they, Israel,
will seek. This divine Person will return to His place, that is, Heaven,
and then come again. That He will come in glory is expressed in Revelation
Rev 19:11 And I saw Heaven opened. And behold, a white horse! And He sitting on
him was called Faithful and True. And in righteousness He judges and makes war.
12 And His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head many crowns. And He
had a name written, one that no one knew except Himself. 13 And He had been
clothed in a garment dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14
And the armies in Heaven followed Him on white horses, clothed in fine linen,
white and clean. 15 And out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, so that with it He
should strike the nations. And He will shepherd them with a rod of iron. And He
treads the winepress of the wine of the anger and of the wrath of Almighty God.
16 And He has on His garment, and on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS AND
LORD OF LORDS.
That the personage in this passage is Messiah Yeshua is evident from verse 13,
in which He is called The Word of God. Let's look at John 1:
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was
God.... 14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us. And we beheld His
glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and of
The Word of verse 1
became flesh, and dwelt among us. In other words, The Word, who had a divine pre-existence, was born a human. We've already seen Who
that was. The Messianic Word of God of Revelation 19:13 is obviously the Word of
John 1: Messiah Yeshua.
...establishing His literal Millennial kingdom on earth.
Rev 21:4 And God will wipe away all tears from their eyes. And there will be no
more death, nor mourning, nor crying out, nor will there be any more pain; for
the first things passed away. 5 And He sitting on the throne said, Behold, I
make all things new.
These blessings were prophesied in the Tanach:
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord the LORD is on Me; because Jehovah has
anointed Me to preach the Gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to bind up the
broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the
prison to those who are bound; 2 to preach the acceptable year of the LORD and
the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; 3 to appoint to those
who mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for
mourning, the mantle of praise for the spirit of heaviness; so that they might
be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that He might be
That the kingdom will last a millennium, a thousand years, is brought out in
Revelation 20:4: And they lived and reigned with Messiah a thousand years.
Amen! Come, Lord Yeshua! (Revelation 22:20)
© Norman Manzon, 2006.
Norman Manzon is a Bible teacher
in Hawaii and may be reached at
More of his studies may be accessed at
An outstanding study of Messianic scriptures in the Tanach and their
fulfillment in the New Testament
is Messianic Christology, by Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum of